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Cross-border logistics knowledge: several common transportation methods

telegraphic release

Electric release (TELEX RELEASED)

Electric release, also known as telegraphic release, is a kind of enterprise through the development of electronic data message or electronic product information management form will bill of lading related information system sent to the destination port shipping company way. The consignee can choose to use the stamped electro-release seal of the bill of lading electro-release pieces and electro-release guarantee letter for the exchange of the bill of lading.fcl freight This teaching method enables the shipping company to work directly to notify the agent of the port of destination to release the goods without the need of the original bill of lading. As long as we prove that the students themselves are the consignee and the electrically released person, they can pick up the goods.

This utility model has the advantages of convenience, speed and safety, and can avoid the risk of losing the bill of lading. However, the shipper has no control over the rights on the goods.

Sea transportation bill of lading

Ocean bill of lading is the original bill of lading issued by the shipping company, which is a kind of ownership certificate. The consignee can take delivery of the goods from the shipping company on this bill of lading, and it can be endorsed and transferred.fcl lcl It is an important document. The shipper will obtain the original B/L from the freight forwarder and scan the B/L to CNEE before the agent pays for it. the shipper then express mails the B/L to CNEE, who exchanges the B/L for the original B/L and picks up the goods. Ocean Bills of Lading are very common in practice.

The advantage of SWB is that it is convenient for the buyer to pick up the goods immediately, simplify the procedure and save the cost.

SWB (Sea Waybill)

Once a company issues a SWB, the cargo right is transferred from one consignor to CNEE, i.e., CNEE can go directly to carry out the pickup of cargo.SWB pickup method does not need the original copy, and there is no need to through the payment of electric discharge fee. For socially trusted companies, this form of release can be designed to be used based on this form of release.

The advantage of mainstream banking is that it is quick and easy to order and pick up the goods. It is usually used in the following situations.

1. sea waybill can be issued when full payment for the goods has been received;

2. subsidiaries of multinational corporations specialize in purchasing goods for the parent company and can issue sea waybills to facilitate quick pickup.

However, the disadvantage of SWB is that it cannot hold the goods.

Destination port release

Destination port release means release of goods. This type of release can be used in fewer cases and only in special cases in China. For example:

1. when the bill of lading is lost, the shipper can issue a guarantee to the shipping company or the agent to hand over the goods to the consignee

2. when the bill of lading is issued late and the goods have arrived,sea freight in order to advance the pickup of the goods, can also take the letter of guarantee instructions to release the goods.

In the absence of special circumstances, this method is generally not used.

Summarize the difference

SWB is a bill of lading, similar to telex release. Once it is confirmed as a sea waybill, the agent will release the goods to the consignee directly after the goods arrive at the port. Telex release is not the same. Even if the goods arrive at the port for a long time, as long as the consignor does not notify the agent in writing to release the goods, the agent will not release the goods to the consignee.

The main difference between SWB and B/L is that SWB does not have the role of a document of title. Bill of lading is as a document of title, can be transferred at the same time through their own endorsement (indicative bill of lading), while the sea waybill information can not be transferred because. The consignee of the sea waybill can only be the consignee stated on the sea waybill. As long as the teacher collects all the guest's payment, the above data form of release are not a risk.

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FTL LCL: What is it?

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