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What is kidney failure? How to observe and prevent it

Whatiskidneyfailure?Howtoobserveandpreventit

Renal failure is the last stage of chronic kidney disease. When the kidneys fail, it means that they stopped working well enough so that a person could survive without dialysis or kidney transplantation.

In most cases, kidney failure is caused by other health problems, reports American Kidney Found.

When the kidneys are damaged, they may not work as they should. If your kidney condition continues to worsen, you have a chronic kidney disease.

Renal failure is the last stage of chronic kidney disease. The most common causes of this condition are diabetes and high blood pressure.

What else can cause kidney failure:

Autoimmune diseases;

Genetic diseases, such as polycystic kidney disease;

Nephrotic syndrome;

Urinary tract problems;

Sometimes the kidneys can stop working very suddenly, called acute renal failure.


How to understand that the condition of the kidneys is getting worse

 

Chronic kidney disease usually worsens slowly, and symptoms may not appear until the kidneys are badly damaged. In the later stages, when a person approaches renal failure, he may notice symptoms caused by waste and the accumulation of excess fluid in the body.

How to understand that the kidneys are starting to fail:

Itching

Muscle cramps;

Nausea and vomiting;

Lack of appetite;

Swelling in the legs and ankles;

Too much urine or very little on the contrary;

Trouble breathing

Trouble sleeping.

Symptoms of acute renal failure:

Stomach ache;

Backache;

Diarrhea;

Fever;

Blood from the nose;

Rash;

Vomiting

If you have several of the above symptoms, call an ambulance immediately.

Kidney failure treatment

There are only a few treatment options for kidney failure, given a kidney transplant and several types of dialysis. It is the doctor who determines which treatment is best for the patient.